The A-Z of video streaming protocols for businesses

We reside in a world the place individuals worth data supply mediums as a lot as they do perception. Video has change into probably the most palatable supply of ingesting data for individuals, with the typical individual spending over 100 minutes (or extra) consuming video content material each day as of now in 2022.

Consequently, video streaming protocols have gotten increasingly more vital for businesses not solely to experience this new wave of shopper habits but additionally to remain related available in the market and future-proof their businesses with partaking streaming companies in place.

While most businesses notice the necessity for video streaming protocols, it may well typically be overwhelming for their groups to decipher what know-how most accurately fits their streaming mannequin, which protocols will solidify their initiatives, and find out how to make an knowledgeable shopping for choice. The applied sciences are advanced and the distributors typically focus extra on advertising and marketing jargon than concrete, sensible insights.

In this weblog, we’ll clear up all these challenges, serving to you perceive completely different protocols, differentiate them from each other, and discover which use instances go well with them the very best. We will share insights that may also allow you to consider them and discover out which protocol for video streaming most accurately fits your OTT enterprise.

Meanwhile, it may additionally curiosity you to learn, How to create a video streaming app like Netflix? Features, tech stack, and costs

What is a video streaming protocol?

A video streaming protocol is a standardized methodology used for the supply of video recordsdata to customers over the web. These protocols ‘codify’ the software program packages, administering guidelines that govern the supply of video media. Streaming protocols and HTTP protocols are used for the aim of video supply, relying on the server sort. Real-time messaging protocols are used within the case of devoted streaming servers. In the case of common servers, HTTP-based protocols facilitate enough streaming.

Each time a person requests to observe a video on the web, both of the above-mentioned protocol for video streaming comes into impact, based mostly on the type of server request made.

Which protocols are mostly used for video streaming?

Let’s briefly summarize the commonest video streaming protocols on the market. This won’t solely offer you a great video streaming protocol comparability however may also present their potential use instances.

Real-Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP)

This TCP-based protocol for video streaming is used for low-latency communication of video and audio recordsdata over a devoted server. This protocol was developed by Macromedia to stream audio/video knowledge between the Adobe Flash Player and the Adobe Flash Communication Server. However, a model of the protocol was additionally launched for public use.

RTMP encoders are broadly utilized by content material distributors world wide. A current research indicated that 76% of content material distributors use RTMP for their companies, making it one of the preferred protocols on the market.

Real-Time Messaging Protocol

Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP)

RTSP can finest be described as a ‘presentation-layer’ protocol that provides customers play and pause capabilities whereas streaming movies over the server. The commonest use case for this protocol for video streaming lies in surveillance architectures, like CCTV cameras.

Real-Time Streaming Protocol

HTTP Live Streaming (HLS)

Developed by Apple, this video streaming protocol was launched in 2009 and has been used broadly ever since. Initially, the protocol was solely appropriate for Apple units. But now, it’s open for different use instances, with skilled broadcasting being one of the commonest functions of HLS.

HTTP Live Streaming

Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH)

Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP

Developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group in 2010-11, this open-source, codec-agnostic protocol for video streaming has just about change into the {industry} normal different for HLS.

SRT (Secure Reliable Transport)

If your small business is trying for a trusted different for proprietary transport applied sciences, SRT is the protocol you need in your infrastructure. The protocol facilitates dependable, uninterrupted streaming and can also be being broadly used for duties like recovering misplaced packets and even preserving timing habits throughout the general public web.

Needless to say, this protocol is changing into more and more in style, with one fascinating case research being the virtual NFL draft of 2020 that was in a position to efficiently join 600 reside feeds.

Secure Reliable Transport

These have been probably the most generally used real-time video streaming protocols you need to learn about if you wish to dive into the world of video streaming for enterprise. Needless to say, there are different protocols like Microsoft Smooth Streaming Protocol and Adobe HDS, however they’re excluded from the weblog as they’re slowly dying and extra agile, adaptive, versatile alternate options are taking their place.

Know how Appinventiv build live streaming app like ABP News

The UDP Vs TCP debate

To make a protracted story quick, a transmission management protocol (TCP) is connection-oriented, whereas a person datagram protocol (UDP) is connectionless. While each maintain their deserves and demerits relying on their use instances, the foremost distinction between the 2 lies in transmission velocity.

UDP is quicker and extra environment friendly than TCP. However, it doesn’t assist the retransmission of misplaced knowledge packets, or error-checking, like TCP does. TCP wants a three-way handshake whereas transmitting knowledge, which makes it a bit slower to make use of as in comparison with UDP—nonetheless, UDP transmission, as quick as it might be, is riskier to knowledge loss and corruption as in comparison with TCP.

UDP Vs TCP debate

UDP is most steadily utilized by protocols like SRT, with protocols like HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) using TCP.

Now, let’s talk about the elements you want to bear in mind whereas selecting your video streaming protocols.

Considerations for selecting streaming protocols

Considerations for choosing streaming protocols


The common person streams his/her content material over a spread of units, demanding the utmost comfort from each single medium. If mass enchantment is your motto and mass use is your goal, you need to deal with the compatibility of your video streaming protocols.

Your most popular video stream protocol should be appropriate with completely different units—and succesful of delivering uninterrupted streaming at an affordable latency. We advocate HLS for this use case.


If you might be within the enterprise of broadcasting and streaming reside occasions, you already know the worth of having a real-time streaming protocol at your beck and name. Once once more, HLS fits this use case because it facilitates streaming on ultra-low latencies, with minimal to no disruptions.

In addition, RTMP and SRT additionally facilitate low-latency streaming, with WebRTC delivering real-time latency. Depending in your necessities, these are value taking a look as properly.

Adaptive bitrate

The larger the bitrate, the upper the standard of the content material you may ship—and the upper the client satisfaction, if you’re an OTT enterprise. Adaptive bitrate encodes your content material at a number of bit charges, permitting you to ship good high quality, even at slower connections. This is a parameter that should at all times be saved in thoughts whereas selecting a video stream protocol for your OTT platform.

We advocate HLS and MPEG-DASH protocols should you want adaptive bitrate—and if you’re an OTT platform, you positively will!

Want to understand how a lot does OTT app improvement value? Head on to our complete business guide to custom OTT development.


Privacy and safety should at all times be thought-about when selecting video streaming know-how. While HLS gives normal safety that’s enough for most enterprises world wide, if you wish to go after the very best safety requirements (and privateness options) obtainable, you may embrace SRT as the popular protocol for video streaming for your small business.

Grow your video streaming business with Appinventiv

Helping your OTT enterprise skyrocket—from streaming protocols to platform improvement

Now that we have now mentioned the preferred video streaming protocols on the market and have make clear an important elements to bear in mind whereas evaluating them, allow us to illuminate you on what we at Appinventiv are doing to assist OTT businesses construct and ship distinctive companies.

We are the industry-leading video streaming app development company that provides customized video streaming platform improvement companies for purchasers that search market dominance.

Our companies allow you to decide which media streaming protocols to make use of, construct an enough infrastructure, combine them properly, and supply your customers nice omnichannel viewing experiences they’ll admire.

To study extra about our companies, or to know which video streaming protocols are ultimate for your small business, you may join with our staff of specialists and book a free consultation.


Q. Which is the very best of all the online video streaming protocols on the market?

A. While the reply to this query will differ for completely different use instances, one of the all-time finest protocols for video streaming (contemplating the latency, bit charge, and use instances) is the HTTP reside streaming protocol (HLS). Needless to say, it’s the mostly used within the {industry} proper now.

Q. Which video streaming know-how is finest for low-latency streaming?

A. The HTTP reside streaming protocol (HLS) is undoubtedly the very best low-latency protocol on the market whether it is optimized for the use case.

Q. UDP or TCP? Which is best for video streaming?

A. If you might be planning to file the content material that you’re streaming (to facilitate customers to entry it every time they want it), TCP is what you’ll need to go after. On the opposite hand, if video-on-demand just isn’t your goal and also you need to do reside broadcasting, you’ll need to put money into a reside video streaming protocol like UDP.

Q. How a lot does it value to construct a video streaming platform?

A. The value to construct a video streaming platform varies tremendously relying on the kind of platform you need to construct, options you need to combine, tech stack you need to use, and so forth. However, on common, the cost to develop a video streaming platform like Disney+ can vary from $40,000 – $250,000.


Prateek Saxena


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