Foolproof IoT Network Management Strategy | Pipeline Magazine

By: Tomer Lavie

What will mobile appear like 5 or 10 years from now? Which of in the present day’s community applied sciences might be driving off into the sundown? Which rising ones might be as mainstream as 4G is in the present day? And how
may operator enterprise fashions change?

These are the sorts of questions that may imply sleepless nights for CIOs, line-of-business heads, enterprise improvement VPs and anybody else accountable for their group’s IoT technique. One
state of affairs is a cell operator immediately phasing out a know-how a lot ahead of {the marketplace} anticipated — a nightmare that generally comes true. For instance, T-Mobile plans to sundown Sprint’s LTE community by June 30, 2022, whereas
NTT DoCoMo shut down its LTE-based narrowband (NB-IoT) community after barely a yr of

Utilities, first-responder businesses, fleet house owners and different IoT customers usually are caught off guard by these sorts of adjustments. According to a 2020 James Brehm & Associates survey, 47 %
of organizations mentioned their operators by no means informed them that the community they use could be shut down.

“The impending networks sundown is presenting main choices for these firms,” the agency says. “Potential knowledge loss, community service disruption, and harm to enterprise processes and continuity
are all compelling dangers motivating them to start planning for migration to 4G LTE, and ultimately 5G, options.”

Despite the occasional exception, LTE stays a strong basis for IoT purposes, particularly ones whose units want to stay untouched within the subject by means of the tip of this decade, equivalent to
good utility meters. It’s value remembering that LTE stands for Long Term Evolution, which means its technological framework continues to evolve to satisfy the altering wants of each operators and
their clients. In reality, at the same time as they deploy 5G, many operators will proceed to take a position closely in upgrading their 4G networks: roughly $275 billion by means of 2025, according to GSMA Intelligence.

Some of those upgrades will give IoT suppliers and finish customers new choices. A first-rate instance is low-power wide-area (LPWA) networks and modules that use LTE-M and NB-IoT. These applied sciences have been
designed from the bottom as much as help low-bandwidth purposes, maximize battery life and keep a steady connection even when indicators are weak. LTE-M and NB-IoT are perfect for purposes
equivalent to good utility meters and agriculture sensors, the place IoT units are deployed in distant and even underground places, with batteries that have to final not less than a decade.

At the identical time, IoT suppliers and customers ought to be conscious that an operator’s 5G rollout can have an effect on the efficiency of its LTE community. For occasion, until they’ve service-assurance instruments that
can help multi-generation, multi-vendor networks, operators received’t know whether or not their new 5G standalone (SA) core community is undermining 4G efficiency till clients begin complaining.
Another instance is spectrum. As they refarm 3G spectrum for 4G use, or 4G spectrum for 5G use, IoT units utilizing legacy networks might see adjustments in protection and sign power. 

By the tip of 2021, the variety of business 5G networks worldwide will hit 220, and 323 by the tip of 2023, TeleGeography predicts. This means 5G is steadily rising as a viable choice for IoT purposes that will profit from its superior capabilities and for organizations
involved about 4G sunsets. The 3GPP 5G requirements embrace three units of options and capabilities designed to satisfy lots of IoT’s distinctive necessities:

  • Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) is designed for bandwidth-intensive purposes equivalent to 4K video for surveillance cameras and telehealth.
  • Massive Machine-Type Communications (mMTC) permits 5G networks to help as much as a million units per sq. kilometer, equivalent to air high quality, site visitors and different sensors round
    a wise metropolis.
  • Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications (URLLC) gives latencies as little as one millisecond, which is good for delay-sensitive, mission-critical purposes equivalent to
    manufacturing facility automation.

One future-proofing technique is to decide on IoT playing cards and modules that help each 4G and 5G. This permits organizations to launch their IoT service nearly all over the place in the present day on 4G whereas
offering the flexibleness to maneuver to 5G when it makes enterprise and technological sense. Then when 5G protection reaches a sure level, it might improve to 5G. 

To perceive the enterprise advantages of this technique, think about how multinational firms equivalent to Alphabet, Deloitte and PwC have determined to permit their workers to maintain working from house some
or on a regular basis as soon as the pandemic is lastly over. A video collaboration supplier might supply these varieties of firms a bundle of {hardware}, software program and mobile connectivity. This means, distant
employees wouldn’t need to depend on their house community and ISP, each of which could not be quick sufficient to

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