Comparision of web servers to host your website

If you’re visiting a website then most likely one of the 2 web servers – Apache or Nginx has been serving that for you. To make a number of completely different web sites accessible to guests, the host wants web server software program. The key job of a webserver is to take the requests and analyzes them to return the requested paperwork within the browser. Here we are going to find out about two in style web servers Apache and Nginx by evaluating them; we are going to find out about their options intimately and which is best suited to which functions.

Apache HTTP server

The Apache HTTP Server is especially in style as a result of of its a few years of growth, in depth documentation, and open supply group, and versatile software choices. This web server that got here out in 1995 is an open-source that shortly gained recognition due to the free availability of the supply code for collaboration and viewing. Apache can deal with heavy quantities of visitors with minimal configuration. One of the best benefits of Apache is which you could assign a separate .htaccess file with a person configuration to every stage or listing within the tree. This permits shared internet hosting suppliers, for instance, to provide their prospects a configuration possibility for his or her website on the identical machine with out affecting different customers. If a person makes a setting for his devoted atmosphere, the worldwide server configuration stays unaffected. You can add or take away modules to make it extra environment friendly. You can add Server Side Programming Support (PHP) modules and Load Balancing configs.

Since the Apache has a modular construction, it may be expanded as required relying on the world of ​​software. For instance, communication between server and consumer will be encrypted utilizing the mod_ssl module or complicated modifications will be made to the URLs utilizing the mod_rewrite module.

Apache installation for CentOS/Redhat/AlamLinux/Rocky Linux 8
Install Apache Web server on Ubuntu 22.04 or 20.04 LTS

Some of the Best Features of Apache HTTP web server are:

  1. Handling of static information
  2.  Loadable dynamic module 
  3. Auto-indexing
  4.  .htaccess 
  5. Compatible with IPv6
  6.  Supports HTTP/2 
  7. FTP connections
  8.  Gzip compression and  decompression
  9.  Bandwidth throttling
  10.  Perl, PHP, Lua scripts 
  11. Load balancing
  12.  Session monitoring
  13.  URL rewriting 
  14. Geolocation based mostly on IP handle


NGINX Webserver

NGINX, pronounced as “Engine X,” is now a extra in style web server than Apache and was launched in 2004 however the firm with the identical identify was based in 2011. Since its launch, the Nginx web server has developed into a preferred different to Apache that’s steadily gaining market share. The Web server depends on an asynchronous, event-based structure. This implies that a separate course of will not be began for every connection, however moderately a number of thousand connections will be dealt with per course of. In this manner, NGINX can deal with many simultaneous requests with out sacrificing velocity and stability. The useful resource consumption stays comparatively fixed even throughout peak hundreds, which implies that high-performance pages with many accesses are additionally delivered with restricted {hardware}. The configuration system of NGINX is less complicated. The performance of the software program will be individually expanded utilizing further modules akin to load distribution or reverse proxying.

Some of the principle options of NGINX are:

  1. Reverse proxy with caching 
  2. IPv6 
  3. Load balancing 
  4. FastCGI assist with caching 
  5. WebSockets 
  6. Handling of static information, index information, and auto-indexing 
  7. LS/SSL with SNI


Apache vs NGINX Architecture

Both servers observe a unique strategy when it comes to Apache vs. NGINX, from the purpose of view of structure, i.e., how they deal with connections and handle visitors. The Apache HTTP server works with a process-driven strategy and creates a brand new thread for every request. This leads to extra useful resource consumption and creates points like Slow velocity. At the identical time, the NGINX Web server has an event-driven strategy and handles a number of requests inside one thread. This makes the construction lighter as 1000’s of requests will be dealt with beneath one thread, making the server quicker.


Static content material

Apache handles its static content material utilizing file-based storage and shops Files on server computer systems. At the identical time, NGINX is a lot better at dealing with static content material by eliminating copying the information into the buffer and straight copying information from one file descriptor to one other.

Dynamic content material

Apache handles the dynamic content material inside the server. But NGINX doesn’t course of dynamic content material. Instead, it makes use of exterior processes to deal with it. Both servers deal with dynamic content material equally nicely. NGINX solely helps the supply of static content material, akin to photographs, CSS stylesheets, or JavaScript, and likewise doesn’t provide the chance of integrating corresponding interpreters by modules. For dynamic content material (e.g. PHP, Python, or Perl scripts), the requests are handed on to one other software program (i.e. within the case of PHP to the corresponding interpreter).

No configuration adjustment

In Apache we use .htaccess the listing stage configuration will be achieved straight, nevertheless, it’s not doable with Nginx as a result of there isn’t a such configuration file, as a substitute, it has Nginx.conf file for making modifications. This typically makes establishing an NGINX webserver a bit extra complicated than with Apache, particularly for brand spanking new customers. However, if in case you have the fitting internet hosting supplier then would have the fitting modules to simply deal with frequent duties. Somewhere that’s another excuse why most of the internet hosting suppliers provide Apache because the default web server as a result of of the good flexibility it gives.

OS Support

Both servers are virtually comparable in supporting OS. Both Apache and NGINX Support all Unix-like methods. Whereas Apache Fully Supports MS home windows, NGINX helps home windows solely partially.


When it comes to safety, each servers present the very best Security. Apache gives assist ideas for avoiding doable hack assaults. It supplies ideas for DDoS assault dealing with and modules for responding to HTTP DoS, DDoS, and so on. NGINX supplies higher safety than Apache with the assistance of smaller codebases. Also, NGINX doesn’t enable entry to listing listings. ( With enabling listing listings, nameless customers can browse website listing contents).


Both servers present equally good customer support. Whereas Apache supplies buyer assist with the assistance of third-party firms, NGINX supplies buyer assist by a business product referred to as NGINX plus. The servers present prospects providers by mailing lists, IRC and Stack Overflow. NGINX additionally supplies buyer providers by a discussion board.

Conclusion- Apache or NGINX?

The query of which web server is now the higher can’t be answered throughout the board. Where NGINX is forward of Apache in phrases of efficiency, it has the sting when dealing with dynamic content material. Where Beginners could face configuring a tad difficult. However, the choice in the end at all times is dependent upon the person setup and necessities. This is the rationale in observe, many customers additionally depend on a community from each web servers’ strengths. And that’s the reason why many individuals are utilizing Apache as their important web server whereas to enhance the general efficiency, Nginx – because the front-end HTTP cache server. If your internet hosting supplier gives CPanel (WHM) then you may simply implement each. This won’t solely enhance the efficiency but in addition allow you to take away the required cache plugins from your CMS akin to WordPress.

Hence, it’s a good way to combine each open-source servers then the benefits of the 2 web servers will be optimally used. The static content material is then delivered by one server on the desired velocity and the opposite web server can be utilized for the dynamic content material.

Alternatives to Apache or Nginx as webs server:

Well,  for those who don’t need to use Apache or Nginx then go for OpenLiteSpeed which not solely gives excessive efficiency however the .htaccess and Apache configuration assist. Apart from LiteSpeed, Caddy with out-of-the-box HTTP/2 assist and Lighttpd are another open-source webservers to mull on.

Whereas, in case you are a newbie then you can begin with Apache or OpenLiteSpeed to perceive how the webserver atmosphere works. And additionally communities like  “Stack Overflow ” are at all times there to assist with codes and options in case you are caught someplace whereas implementing your personal web undertaking on the above-discussed web server software program.

How to Install OpenLiteSpeed Web Server on AlmaLinux…
How to install a Lighttpd web server on Debian


How does a web server differ from an software server?

The job of a web server is to set up a connection between a bodily or cloud server and the saved web sites (or browsers) of the Internet customers. On the opposite hand is the appliance server chargeable for making functions accessible inside a community.

Are each NGINX and the Apache webserver appropriate for processing dynamic queries?

No, in distinction to the Apache web server, NGINX solely helps static content material supply. On the opposite hand, dynamic content material is handed on to different software program.

Can the 2 web servers even be used collectively?

Yes, it really works extraordinarily nicely. In observe, you’ll primarily discover the mix NGINX as a reverse proxy and a number of Apache servers within the backend.

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