Call For Concept Notes on Investing in the Rain-Fed Agriculture in Sudan | News item

The Embassy of The Netherlands, Khartoum

Duration: 4 years

Budget: €23 mln

Deadline: September 30, 2021

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, by way of the Embassy of the Netherlands in Khartoum, intends to fund a four-year meals and vitamin safety program in Sudan concentrating on the growth of smallholder farmers in rain-fed agriculture for the Darfur area and South Kordofan State.

The Embassy, due to this fact, invitations organizations in implementing such a program to submit an idea notes. The Embassy will consider and evaluate the idea notes in opposition to the standards set forth. Concept notes that don’t meet the standards set to a passable stage shall be rejected and won’t be thought-about additional.

The submission of an idea notice is the first stage of a two-stage software course of. Funding is not going to be supplied based mostly on an idea notice. At the second stage, a most of two candidates or lead companions of a consortium whose purposes rank highest shall be invited to submit a full proposal. These two candidates who efficiently handed the idea notice threshold shall be supplied with substantive standards and descriptions of the full proposal. The proposal that meets the standards and descriptions finest might qualify to be chosen.

The whole funding obtainable below this name for idea notes is as much as €23 million over 4 years. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will fund just one proposal or none, as much as the most funding obtainable. Please bear in mind that for budgetary causes there could also be a risk that the program will finally not be awarded.

Below are the context and predominant options of the envisaged program. Key standards that shall be used in the choice course of are described at the finish of this paper.

After reviewing the steadily requested questions FAQ, additional questions will be submitted by e mail till Monday 20, September 2021 utilizing each of the following e-mail addresses.

If , it’s essential to submit an idea notice and annexes to the Netherlands Embassy in Khartoum by utilizing the following e-mail deal with [email protected], no later than (Thursday 30, September, 2021, by 23:59 CTA time). Late submission after the deadline is not going to be thought-about.

I. Policy Background

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) present the foundation for the Netherlands’s coverage on Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation. This coverage is ready out in the coverage doc ‘Investing in Global Prospects’ [1]. In the implementation of this coverage, the empowerment of girls and youth [2] is cross-cutting all interventions. The Netherlands sees cooperation between authorities, the personal sector, civil society organizations, and information establishments as indispensable to fulfill socio-economic challenges in a complete and sustainable means.

The Netherlands’ efforts to contribute to SDG 2 is elaborated upon in the coverage letter on meals and vitamin safety of 6 June 2019 (‘Op weg naar een wereld zonder honger in 2030: de Nederlandse inzet’, Parliamentary Papers 33625, no. 280). Concerning Sudan, the Multiannual Country Strategy (MACS) [3] of Sudan (2019-2022) states that the Netherlands plans to contribute to the following targets:

  • Job creation in the personal sector (particularly for youth and ladies);
  • Sustainable elevated manufacturing in rain-fed agriculture methods;
  • Improvement of meals and vitamin safety of weak individuals;
  • Improvement of water harvesting at family stage to extend year-round water availability;
  • Inclusive and sustainable options for conflicts round land and elevated entry to land;
  • Gender equality and ladies empowerment.

Therefore, the Government of the Netherlands, by way of its Embassy in Khartoum (referred to as “the Embassy” henceforth), intends to offer a monetary contribution to a corporation who can implement and monitor a brand new four-year meals and vitamin safety program in West Sudan. To guarantee the best attainable return on public sources, the Embassy invitations organizations (or a consortium with one lead accomplice) to organize and submit an idea notice as per the pointers and standards described in this doc. The Embassy will consider and evaluate the idea notes, based mostly on which it would choose and invite one or two organizations to organize a full proposal.

II. Introduction

Since the revolution in 2019 in Sudan, the Transitional Government of Sudan (TGoS) is in place to advertise peace and growth. In 2020, the Dutch Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Sigrid Kaag, met with the Sudanese Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok, the Chairman of the Sovereignty Council of Sudan Abdel Fattah Burhan, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Asmaa Abdullah. During this assembly, Minister Kaag confirmed the Dutch help for democratic reforms and socio-economic transitions in Sudan.

In its development, rebuilding, and resilience agenda [4], the TGoS attaches nice significance to agricultural sector growth and help for smallholder farmers and rural youth employment in specific. Developing the crop and livestock sectors are vital  for the TGoS to handle the financial crises and set up a base for financial restoration, stability, and sustainable growth. This contains enhancing home agricultural manufacturing and lowering the import of meals. This may also deal with Sudan’s excessive ranges of meals and vitamin insecurity, brought on by inadequate availability of meals, financial decline (worsened by COVID-19), and excessive inflation (together with excessive meals costs). With greater than 50% of the Sudanese individuals instantly relying on agriculture for his or her livelihood, sustainable growth of the sector may have a direct impression on (long run) meals and vitamin safety, rural employment and earnings era. Considering the agenda of the TGoS, coverage and regulatory reforms [5] in the agriculture and meals sectors expect, however not but articulated in element and introduced.

The Embassy has recognized the growth of a meals and vitamin safety programme as an vital new part in its portfolio to assist Sudan to strengthen the productive sector. A scoping mission in March 2020, executed by three unbiased consultants, explored the preliminary concept with Dutch and Sudanese stakeholders and concluded there’s a vital want and potential for a Dutch-supported, Embassy-coordinated program. Building on the basis put in place by the scoping mission report, a formulation mission in October 2020 assisted the Embassy in creating programme pointers, inside the frameworks of the BHOS and the MACS Sudan. This name for idea notes is basically based mostly on the findings of the scoping examine and the formulation mission.

With respect to the geographical focus, the MACS states that this program will focus its actions on the Netherlands’ geographic priorities in Sudan: Darfur Region and South Kordofan State. Darfur and Kordofan are rain-fed areas with excessive ranges of family meals and vitamin insecurity. Large numbers of individuals are relying for greater than 50% of the calorific consumption on meals assist. At the identical time, there are agribusinesses’ pursuits and alternatives to speculate in the sustainable financial growth of smallholder farmers and SME’s. Within the Darfur Region, it’s proposed to focus on East and Central Darfur and South Darfur based mostly on agronomic circumstances and pursuits of agro-businesses. This geographic focus, nevertheless, doesn’t exclude different home windows of alternative in the Darfur Region.

III. The rain fed agricultural sector in Darfur and South Kordofan

Conditions in the rain-fed agricultural sector in Darfur area and Kordofan state permit for the manufacturing of quite a lot of staple and money crops in addition to for animal husbandry, rangeland and forestry. The predominant agricultural actions in the areas embody sorghum, millet, groundnut and sesame cultivation, livestock rearing (in order of significance: sheep, goats, cattle and camels) and forestry (number of Acacia species together with gum-arabic).

Smallholder farming is the predominant livelihood for the majority of the individuals, and has traditionally proven nice resilience, capability for adaptation and adjustment. The conventional rain-fed sector is usually a low-input/low-output system primarily for subsistence. Only seasonal surpluses are offered at the native markets. Agricultural operations are carried out largely by way of household labour and rely to a big extent on the use of hand instruments and animal traction. When in a position to and regarded rational, smallholders are prepared to make use of new applied sciences and alter cultural practices. It is due to such adaptability that there exists a continuum of varieties of smallholder farms, each in the livestock and crop manufacturing sub-sectors. Most produce meals for personal consumption with some producing a surplus for the market. Others are part-time farmers: they hold farms, go to work in cities or mines and return throughout the wet season to develop a variety of meals and money crops or take care of their livestock herds. Many farmers are member of some type of Farm Producer Organisation (FPO) or one other.

In the present enterprise atmosphere it is rather tough for start-ups to ascertain a brand new enterprise, or for current MSMEs to scale up. There are too many uncertainties and working in the formal economic system is made tough. As a end result, the personal sector in the agriculture and meals sector is  dominated by a small variety of massive corporates [6], that are nicely organized and linked to both overseas or home capital. These corporates govern the most vital provide chains on the foundation of their very own (irrigated) manufacturing capability, worth including actions (storage, processing, and so forth.) and entry to capital for commerce and provides. The following commodities from farmers in the rain-fed agricultural areas are of most curiosity to those corporations: (a) oilseeds (groundnut, sesame and to some extent additionally sunflower); (b) cereals (primarily sorghum); (c) sheep and different livestock for fattening and exports; (d) different commodities (gum arabic, watermelon seeds and guar).

The TGoS has elevated curiosity for the rain-fed agricultural sector with the purpose to handle the financial crises and laying the basis for the financial reform [7]. Under the al-Bashir regime the productive sectors have been uncared for. The Sudan’s National Agriculture Investment Plan (SUDNAIP) is a five-year plan (2018 – 2022) with targets of six p.c annual development in agriculture GDP and rising productiveness and effectivity at the manufacturing and processing levels. It is aligned to the Sudan National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA). Currently, the TGoS is in the technique of reforming the insurance policies and packages for the agricultural sector [8]. TGoS priorities for the agriculture sector are together with,  amongst different issues: improve the allocation of the nationwide price range for agriculture by 10%, set up an Agro-industry Fund, peace-justice-food safety nexus, land use planning, adaptation to local weather change and enabling coverage atmosphere, lowering meals import and rising export, and make investments in analysis and extension companies. Efficiency utilization of floor and groundwater for small-scale irrigation in rain-fed zones is amid the outcomes of transformative packages in the rehabilitation of Sudan’s water sector [9]. FAO and the WFP responding to a request from the Sudan Prime Minister by working on designing a ‘match for objective’ Agriculture & Livestock Transformation Agency (ALTA) as an progressive instrument to spice up agricultural transformation in Sudan.

IV. Problem evaluation

The productiveness ranges of rain-fed smallholder farmers in Darfur area and South Kordofan State are far under the potential. Up to this point, the Darfur area and South Kordofan are experiencing poor socio-economic circumstances, very excessive staple meals costs, and the lack of productive belongings.  Both areas are categorized in Phase 2 (‘pressured’) and three (‘in disaster’) or worse in accordance with the meals insecurity Integrated Phase Classification (IPC, 2021) [10]. This is expounded to a variety of causes: local weather change and recurrent pure disasters (droughts, pests), poor pure useful resource administration (NRM) and declining soil fertility, standard farming practices, insufficient agricultural inputs and entry to market data, vital post-harvest losses (as much as 40%), recurrent battle and insecurity which prevents farming and herding, and socio-economic components together with poor market entry (each for gross sales of farm merchandise in addition to procurement of inputs).

Smallholder farmers are going through main challenges in breaking the cycle of subsistence farming and low productiveness. The farmers lack information and abilities in fashionable and adaptive farming strategies and are engaged in bleak undiversified livelihood alternatives. Most of the farmers usually are not stand for lining up in farmers producers organizations (FPOs) in its present kind, which frequently don’t fulfil their socio-economic rights and desires. The crucial authorized foundation for FPOs registration is unclear, technical help and granting privilege for cooperatives as ideally suited engines for social and financial development is minor. Financial establishments, particularly banks, are reluctant to lend to smallholders as a result of restricted collateral. The accessibility of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) to credit score and sector-specific loans are restrained, which eliminates their position to speculate in applicable meals processing know-how and nutrition-sensitive merchandise. Land titles and property rights, managed by way of customary community-based methods, i.e. the conventional hakura system in Darfur, are amongst the challenges. Public extension companies [11] are inefficient in reaching out as a result of a scarcity of operational funds and unskilled staffing, whereas personal brokers of the agriculture-oriented corporations largely goal large-scale farmers in mechanized and irrigated schemes. Women farmers, though being the majority of smallholder farmers, have a lot much less entry to belongings, inputs, companies, land rights, and markets. This excluded them from the good thing about growth actions. With poor entry to pure sources embody land, and lack of means to use the agricultural potential, prospects for younger individuals are bounded. The  employment alternatives provided by current MSMEs for youth are sometimes not very productive inflicting them to go for alternate options in gold mines, cities and overseas.

It is usually acknowledged that there is no such thing as a enabling atmosphere for agribusinesses and farming growth, which features a lack of entry to agriculture companies for major producers. The regulatory methods for companies in Sudan are certainly one of the least favorable in the world. Patronage and mismanagement have held again funding in the agriculture sector for many years. Policy and regulatory points (e.g. administration of an export cargo terminal, phytosanitary inspections,  taxation, cooperatives growth, title deeds for ladies farmers) negatively impression inclusive enterprise developments. On the World Bank’s ‘ease-of-doing-business listing Sudan ranks 171 out of 190 [12]. The stage of personal funding in major manufacturing and/or upstream worth chain enhancements in the rain-fed smallholder sector is rudimentary. This has prevented smallholders from benefiting from market alternatives and employment. Inadequate bodily infrastructures, particularly in transport and power (with frequent energy interruptions), resulted in a excessive price of manufacturing, which drove agricultural enterprise out of some actions. Large corporates procure agricultural produce from smallholders by way of their shopping for brokers or casual merchants/collectors in the rural areas. Contract farming with smallholders in the rainfed areas has been tried and examined at a low scale. Nevertheless, farmers have unfair financial partnerships, which result in weak negotiating energy vis-à-vis the predominant wholesale patrons and processing corporations. Private sector exercise in job creation is proscribed, whereas the dominant position of enormous corporates and traders in the agricultural provide chains doesn’t favor MSMEs growth.  The funding {industry} in agriculture and meals methods is inadequate and sometimes alongside short-chain routes. Enhancing the weight-reduction plan high quality and accessing stores for wholesome numerous meals to the Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) households isn’t the purpose of such {industry} actors.

Agriculture manufacturing in semi-arid areas is threatened by local weather variability, as indicated by the year-to-year variations in each precipitation and crop yields. This will increase the threat of decreased manufacturing, harvest failure, animal deaths, and meals shortages. Expansion of cultivated areas in the rain-fed zones to compensate declining in agricultural productiveness has led to the degradation of the land and water sources, deterioration and of rangelands, and fueling communal conflicts [13]. The conventional farming strategies and monoculture of crops exacerbate declining soil high quality and the build-up of pests and ailments. The absence of well timed local weather data and technical help renders smallholder farmers in rain-fed agriculture change into more and more risk-averse. The use of inappropriate know-how has had a major impression on the atmosphere, resulting in forest clearance, soil erosion, and land degradation [14]. Opportunities for selling agroforestry methods in rural areas are sometimes out of attain, with a minor focus on sustaining biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Lack of food-water-climate nexus strategy and water harvest strategies and constructions (e.g. floor dams, shallow and deep bore wells, hafirs, dykes) prevents farmers from environment friendly use of runoff water in supplementary irrigation.  

IV. Outline for the program


The overarching goal (impression) that the Minister is pursuing with this name aiming at supporting a four-year bilateral meals and vitamin safety program is to contribute to family meals and vitamin safety and sustainable, resilient, and truthful financial growth of smallholders and SMEs in the rain-fed agriculture areas in West of Sudan.

To obtain the total goal, a idea of change must be developed that signifies how the following change shall be realized, the underlying assumptions must be verified, and if crucial, regulate the consequence and output indicators accordingly:

1. From low productiveness ranges to sustainable elevated manufacturing and earnings for (feminine, younger) smallholder farmers and (female-headed / youth-led) agro-SMEs in rain-fed agriculture areas.

Key consequence indicators:

  • Small-scale meals producers (male/feminine/younger) have doubled their productiveness and earnings.
  • Number of small-scale meals producers (male/feminine/younger) who’ve change into extra resilient to local weather and different shocks.
  • Number of hectares of land (disaggregated for agriculture and grazing) the place sustainable agro ecological practices and environment friendly water use have been instituted.
  • Number of individuals for whom extra and higher meals has change into obtainable.

Key output indicators:

  • Number of small-scale meals producers (male/feminine/younger) reached instantly with actions (applied sciences/merchandise/companies) designed to lift productiveness and earnings.
  • Number of farmers’ teams/organizations/cooperatives, and whole variety of member beneficiaries, supported.
  • Number of hectares of farmland (disaggregated for agriculture and grazing) instantly reached with actions (applied sciences/merchandise/companies) geared toward rising ecological sustainability.

2. Agri-businesses have taken a extra inclusive strategy in phrases of partnerships, provide contracts, and worth chain growth with smallholders and agro-SMEs in rain-fed areas.

Key consequence indicators:

  • Number of corporations engaged in inclusive agribusiness.
  • Number of strengthened farmers’/ staff’/ entrepreneurs’/ merchants’ organisations for a sustainable native enterprise local weather
  • Number of corporations with a supported plan to speculate, commerce or present companies (Dutch/ non-Dutch; male/ feminine; youth).
  • Numbers of hyperlinks created by massive agribusinesses with agro-SME’s.

 Key output indicators:

  • Number of direct jobs supported in individually supported SME by personal sector packages (male/ feminine; youth)
  • Amount of mobilized personal finance (million EUR).

3.  A extra conducive atmosphere for smallholder farmers, agro-SMEs and agribusiness to profit from financial partnerships

Key consequence indicators:

  • Number of reforms/ enhancements in main (inter)nationwide FNS insurance policies/ legal guidelines/ laws.
  • Number of individuals (male/feminine/younger) that loved (extra) safe land use.
  • Number of (inter)nationwide establishments that contributed to improved (sub)nationwide land governance elements.
  • Number of farmers that adopted new information and/or applied sciences.
  • Number of FNS-relevant information establishments that carry out higher.  

The interconnection between the totally different outcomes will be proven, quantitatively, utilizing the proportion of beneficiaries reached who revenue concurrently from a number of totally different results, and qualitatively, by explaining the significance of those cumulative results and sustainability components. These two measures can function a proxy for the synergistic results that may contribute to transformations in direction of sustainable and resilient meals methods.

V. Approach

The meals methods strategy (FSA) gives the conceptual framework that underpins the idea of change for this meals and vitamin safety program in Sudan. The FSA outlines the relationships between the totally different elements of the meals system and the outcomes of actions inside the system in socio-economic and environmental/local weather phrases. Feedback loops are a distinguishing issue in methods pondering: they happen between elements of the meals chain (manufacturing, processing, distribution, and consumption) and from the socio-economic and environmental outcomes of meals manufacturing and consumption (similar to meals and vitamin safety and water and soil depletion) again to that manufacturing and consumption.

The FSA framework [15] provides a number of advantages to the program implementation group. First, it gives a guidelines of matters that ought to at the very least be addressed relating to enhancing meals and vitamin safety. Second, FSA helps to map the impression of socio-economic drivers, the bodily atmosphere and local weather adjustments on meals and vitamin safety by pointing to the varied vulnerabilities of the meals system. Third, it helps to evaluate limiting components for attaining meals and vitamin safety, and therefore establish efficient leverage factors geared toward enhancing meals and vitamin safety.

What’s extra, making use of a meals system strategy framework, which exhibits the place the predominant interactions and suggestions between the subsystems happen,  produces a number of of helpful insights [16]:

  1. Mapping out alternatives for extra environment friendly use of pure sources (past  one product and/or worth chain).
  2. Highlighting the significance of the meals system’s socio-economic context.
  3. Showing the implications of the meals system for well being, vitamin, livelihoods and the atmosphere.
  4. Helping shed gentle on the trade-offs between totally different intervention methods.
  5. Illustrating non-linear processes and suggestions loops in the meals system.

This program goals to remodel meals methods in rain-fed areas to be extra resilient and equitable by figuring out and implementing attainable nutrition-sensitive worth chain interventions that enhance this transition inclusively and sustainably.

VI. Concept Note Outlines

Entities that meet the eligibility necessities (see VII under) are invited to organize a concise idea notice. The idea notice mustn’t exceed 10 pages [17]. The idea notice ought to cowl the following sections:

  1. A signed assertion in the type of a overlaying letter (not a part of the idea notice) by the applicant or consortium lead accomplice, confirming that there are not any grounds for exclusion and that the eligibility necessities are met;
  2. Cover web page (a part of the idea notice) with:
    • The title(s) of the applicant or lead accomplice and in case of a consortium the different consortium companions;
    • The title and designation of the contact individual and full contact particulars of the applicant or of the lead accomplice in case of a consortium;
  3. Understanding of the idea of change and an additional specification (together with quantifiable and qualitatively – with justification and rationalization the place crucial) of the outcomes and outputs. (max 2 pages);
  4. Outline of how the program methods shall be applied from the onset of the program with a spotlight on how the required impression in phrases of meals and vitamin safety of smallholder farm households in rainfed agriculture areas, personal sector engagement, gender transformation and rural youth employment and earnings era shall be achieved (max 4 pages);
  5. Interpretation of the predominant dangers (exterior components impacting negatively on the program progress and/or impression and outcomes, a.o. dangers of local weather change and battle) and the way the applicant or consortium lead accomplice intends to keep away from or mitigate these dangers (max 1 web page);
  6. An outline of the related capacities and monitor file of the applicant or consortium lead accomplice together with how the totally different roles and obligations of employees shall be divided; this part ought to make it evident that the applicant or consortium lead accomplice  has sufficient expertise and capacities to fulfil each the technical help obligations (full time and brief time period assignments) in addition to the position of supervisor of the Challenge Fund. It also needs to clarify in abstract its monitor file in managing comparable packages, in phrases of measurement, context and complexity. (max 3 pages).

Annexed to the idea notice (not a part of the ten-page idea notice) shall be:

  • A abstract price range (max 1 web page), in euros. Please notice that the proposed price range in the software might not exceed the price range quantity of €23 mln for 4 years.
  • most of six summaries (1 web page every) of current contracts (see VII under) which show that the applicant or consortium lead accomplice has the crucial competencies and experiences; a minimum of two of the abstract sheets shall be signed and dated by the respective contracting authority;
  • A short notice with examples (1 web page) on how applicant or lead accomplice and the different consortium companions have learnt and tailored their approaches into program design in the previous.
  • abstract CV of the proposed program manager-cum-fund supervisor (max. 3 pages);
  • in case of an software on behalf of a consortium, a signed dedication letter(s) of all accomplice(s); the dedication letter(s) ought to clearly state that there shall be one main accomplice appearing as the applicant on behalf of the consortium.

VII. Eligibility, Technical {and professional} competence

  • Any succesful establishment of any nationality is eligible to use. This will be  a revenue or not-profit personal or public firm, or an NGO, an International Organization, as single applicant or on  behalf of a consortium of organizations. Preferably making use of organizations have prior expertise  in Sudan,.
  • Having a confirmed monitor file in the required area, both based mostly on the group’s historical past of interventions or the people that shall be working on the proposed program. This additionally apply on different consortium companions.
  • Applicants or consortium lead companions with their consortium companions should implement the undertaking themselves and never merely act as an middleman channel to offer financing to different implementing events or subcontract these to execute most of the work.
  • The program implementation shall be carried out at the duty of, and at the threat of the applicant or consortium lead accomplice to whom the grant or contribution shall be awarded.
  • The proposed actions should be solely applied in Sudan. Basically, in the Darfur area and South Kordofan State.
  • The applicant or consortium lead accomplice should enclose references (undertaking abstract sheets) to 6 totally different contracts with the idea notice (see VI above). It should be obvious from the reference contracts as a complete that the applicant or consortium lead accomplice has the following competencies [18]:
  • Building sustainable, inclusive, and resilient meals methods in Africa;
  • Sustainable smallholder farming enhancements in rainfed agriculture areas (together with built-in  water and soil administration by native communities);
  • Financial and operational administration of a problem fund or comparable financing devices;
  • Promoting employment and earnings era for rural youth and ladies in addition to working on gender transformation
  • Monitoring, analysis, and studying methods as a part of adaptive administration of tasks and packages below fragile social and financial circumstances.
  • The above 5 competencies should seem a minimum of as soon as inside the total six reference contracts supplied. Where the applicant or consortium lead accomplice depends on a contract that’s not but totally accomplished, solely outcomes truly achieved throughout the course of the contract will depend. The finish date of the references should lie not sooner than three years previous to the idea notice submission deadline for this name. A contract might due to this fact have began greater than three years in the past.
  • When verifying the  applicant’s or consortium lead accomplice’s assertion, the Embassy reserves the proper to request additional data from the different contracting authorities as to whom the service was carried out.
  •  Applicants, or consortium lead companions situated outdoors the EU, ought to concentrate on the following. When chosen contingent to competencies and the choice standards, they have to unconditionally settle for the ‘contribution settlement’ and its obligations as a contractual modality. The software that accommodates a reservation regarding a number of contractual circumstances or phrases shall be thought-about a ‘Tender Subject to Conditions’ and won’t be processed.
  • If the chosen applicant, or consortium lead applicant is situated inside the EU,  a grant determination shall be used, and the Dutch General Administrative Law, the MOFA grant regulation, the MOFA grant decree and the MOFA grant laws 2006  shall be relevant.
  • The prices which are wanted at hand in an software are for the applicant.

How to use?

Applications for participation in this meals and vitamin safety program for the Darfur area and South Kordofan State needs to be submitted on-line at the newest at 23:59 CTA time, September 30, 2021. Eligible organizations can apply by sending an e-mail with idea notice and above-mentioned supporting paperwork to [email protected] The topic line of the e mail ought to embody the title of the making use of group and programme you might be making use of to:

  • Call for Concept Notes: Investing in Rain-Fed Agriculture in Sudan/Organization Name.

The time when the e mail is acquired shall be thought-about the time of submission. Any technical points regarding digital submission are at the threat of the applicant. Applications acquired after 23:59 CTA Time on Thursday 30, September 2021 shall be rejected with out being processed. Please notice that the e mail server will reject information bigger than 14MB. For Larger information please use the ZIP, or cut up up into smaller information and despatched in separated and clearly numbered emails. Where that is the case, the time at which the final e mail is acquired shall be thought-about the time the software is submitted.

VIII. Assessment and choice process

The choice process for this name for idea notes is split into two rounds. Firstly, after the deadline, the embassy will consider the purposes in opposition to official eligibility standards and priorities. Please notice that incomplete purposes or idea notes of greater than ten pages (excluding price range and attachments) shall be disqualified and shall be rejected with out being processed. The Embassy will notify a most of two candidates with the highest scores (85% and above)  inside three weeks following the introduced deadline at hand in a full proposal. Unsuccessful candidates may also be notified inside the identical timeframe. The Embassy reserves the proper to cancel the name for Concept Notes and/or to not choose any of the Concept Notes submitted, in which case candidates shall be notified inside six weeks after submission.

In the second spherical, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and embassy employees will make the ultimate choice based mostly on evaluating the two proposals. In order to be chosen a proposal wants to fulfill the standards for assessing the full proposal. A most of 1 proposal, assembly the standards finest, shall be chosen for funding when the proposal meets the required standards. Important  to notice that the prices which are wanted at hand in an software are for the applicant.

The evaluation of idea notice shall be based mostly on standards as under:

A. Delivery of Outcomes (30%)

  • The stage to which the detailed Theory of Change developed by the applicant or consortium members contributes to the goal as formulated in IV part, and the extent to which that is convincingly elaborated in actions that result in the outlined outputs and outcomes, in addition to the interlinkages and steadiness between these outcomes on output and consequence stage. 
  • The stage to which applicant(s) has/have developed quantitative and qualitative indicators that correspond with the indicators in the Theory of Change;
  • The stage to which applicant(s) has/have employed  novel methods to generate options into productive sector, and using progressive or artistic approaches. This analysis criterion shall be particularly thought-about in assessing the concepts in their  contribution to reworking meals methods. This will contains, amongst others, climate-smart agriculture, improved cropping strategies, livelihoods diversification, land use planning and ecological sustainability, soil sensing and water use effectivity, productiveness monitoring, round agriculture and strengthening farmers-based organizations.

B. Demonstrated experience, capability and partnerships (30%)

  • The stage to which the applicant(s) has/have a long-term curiosity in Sudan (which is in line with their imaginative and prescient and technique), has/have presence, or are ready to arrange a rustic workplace with the proper experience in place.
  • The stage to which the applicant(s) can show experience and a monitor file with comparable tasks and packages regarding the 5 predominant competencies listed in part VII above in the Darfur areas and South Kordofan state.
  • The stage to which the candidates has/have the wanted information, personnel and means, and a task division between consortium companions when collaborating with others, to appreciate an efficient use of the means, contain an applicable composition of related crucial profile/mandate, in addition to the versatile administration in studying and adaptation;
  • The stage to which the applicant(s) has/have the networks and expertise with collaboration with native organizations and governments in Sudan, particularly Darfur and South Kordofan State the place the actions shall be applied;
  • The stage to which the applicant(s) has/have expertise with standardized, methodologically supported indicators, results-oriented means of working, evaluations on consequence stage, experiences similar to in IATI [19], and dealing as a studying group.
  • Relevant expertise with, and a monitor file of bilateral cooperation with different Dutch (or EU) embassies is a plus.

C. Value for cash (10%)

  • The stage to which the applicant(s) is/are offering an indicative budgeting for 4 years, displaying the main price range classes, in relation to the targets set in the outcomes framework.

D. Conflict Sensitivity and Context Knowledge (10%)

  • The stage to which the institutional (political) panorama is analyzed and the stage to which this evaluation has been translated into the intervention technique; 
  • The stage to which native organizations and governments have (had) efficient affect on the institution and content material of the idea notice, and the monitoring and steering of actions; 
  • The stage to which the applicant(s) can design conflict-sensitive approaches and instruments for sustainable battle delicate practices. This contains not simply avoiding hurt by the intervention, but in addition enhancing the capability of various program stakeholders with analysis and evaluation, context and battle sensitivity trainings, and mentoring [20].
  • The stage to which the applicant(s) has/have established an sufficient threat administration system (together with Patronage and corruption inherited by lengthy a long time of accountability and transparency, political and financial instability, unfavourable results of local weather change, conflicts between pastoralists and crop producers, fluctuations of costs the world markets and for positive Covid-19 pandemic).

E.  Alignment with related (finalized) ODA funded packages in Darfur area and South Kordofan State (10%)

  • The stage to which the proposed program additional elaborates upon interventions, experiences and information in the space of creating smallholder farmer- and pastoralist methods in Darfur areas and South Kordofan State.

F. Exit technique (10%)

  • The stage to which the program proposal focuses on actions that can have a long-term, sustainable impact on the goal teams and that institutionally embed the intervention technique.


[1] Investing in Global Prospects

[2] Dutch authorities developed a principles to speculate in the prospects of younger individuals. 

[3] Not publicly obtainable

[4] General Framework for the Programme of the Transitional Government – 2019

[5] The Government of Sudan, FAO, and WFP name for funding in  agriculture as the variety of individuals going through acute meals insecurity reached a historic excessive file (20% of the inhabitants) – Relief Web June 2021.

[6]These corporates embody  Dal Group, Central Trading Co. (CTC), Haggar, funding authorities from the Middle East similar to the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development (AAAID) and parastatal corporations.

[7] Sudan has cleared its arrears with the International Development Association, giving the nation entry to new growth financing. The nation now could be qualifying for the Highly-Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and lowering its practically $56 billion exterior debt burden.

[8] Comprehensive National Agricultural Conference in direction of Effective Policies and Strategies advancing Agricultural Sector held on March 2021. The convention outcomes and suggestions are below the formulation.

[9] Sudan Water Sector Strategy 2021 – 2031

[10] IPC Sudan Acute Food Insecurity April 2021

[11] The public extension is a mandate of Technology Transfer and Extension Administration (TTEA) that covers the switch of research-endorsed applied sciences to the farmers for adoption; growth of agricultural establishments, mobilization and  participation of stakeholders.

[12] World Bank (2020): Economy Profile Sudan; Doing Business 2020.


[13] The Sudan Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources developed the strategic plan 2021-2031 to remodel the water sector and to hyperlink water provide to the farming system and peace and safety by establishing water harvesting infrastructures in rainfed areas.

[14] Sudan: First State of Environment and Outlook Report 2020

[15] See: Siemen van Berkum, Just Dengerink and Ruerd Ruben, 2018. The meals methods strategy: sustainable options for a adequate provide of wholesome meals. Wageningen Economic Research.

[16]  Van Berkum, S., J. Dengerink and R. Ruben (2018). The Food System Approach. Dutch Solutions for Global Challenges. 2018-064, Wageningen Economic Research.

[17] A4 measurement; font Calibri pt. 11; line spacing 1.08 or extra, PDF format.

[18] Tip: The criterion above may apply to co-applicants.

[19]  Dutch publication guidelines for implementing partners

[20] The Conflict Sensitivity Facility (CSF) is being established in Sudan to check progressive approaches that maximize constructive impacts of Aid and Development interventions whereas at the identical time minimizing hurt.

Dutch Development company in Sudan

  • FNS-REPRO by FAO in North Darfur (focus on the Gum Arabic sector);
  • PROSPECTS-partnership (UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, IFC and WB) in East Darfur and West Kordofan (the place it livelihoods part facilities round the agricultural sector);
  • RDPP by RVO in East Sudan (Kassala and Gedaref), taking the agricultural sector as level of departure, focussing on areas with massive numbers of refugees and IDPS;
  • Orange Corners by RVO in Khartoum (Nyala and Kassala);
  • Ongoing PSI programmes as DARFOOD (groundnuts in East Darfur), FOGA (Gum Arabic in South Darfur) and [email protected] (potato sector Kassala).

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